Chinese Peony Culture
Han and Tang relics
- Time of issue:2020-02-11 00:00:00
Introduction to the Cultural Relics Stone Carvings (Partial)
Recently, the protection of Baixiang's cultural relics has attracted much attention with new discoveries. In particular, the ancient stone carvings have a long history, are exquisitely made, the quantity is large, and the value is a highlight. According to the excavated inscriptions, there are several periods such as the Northern Wei, Eastern Wei, Northern Qi, Tang, and Ming and Qing dynasties.
The characteristics of these cultural relics and stone carvings not only highlight the early age, but also have high taste. In addition, more than twenty stone tombs of the officials of Baixiang nationality in the four periods of Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing were all located in the area. These stone carvings are not only valuable ancient works of art, but also a lively ancient history textbook of Baixiang. They are also an important page in the treasure house of the entire Chinese nation.
1. Shiren points to Lu Xian's "Ling Ying"
The Northern Wei Dynasty Taoist Yuan's "Water Sutra" contains: a stone altar in Wucheng Qianqiu Pavilion, 50% in the east of the altar temple.
According to wild history, Liu Xiu took refuge in the south. One day, after Taonan (now Baixiang Chengcheng), the sky was almost dark, and when it came to the vast spring mist, when I reached Qianqiuting Wucheng Mo, I couldn't understand the road, lost my way, and was anxious and at a loss. He faintly heard someone speaking in front of him, and then asked aloud: "Excuse me, in the direction of Bai Xiang?" Who asked for a few voices, but could not answer. Suddenly Liu Xiu became angry, drew his sword and slammed his horse, and yelled: "I am so rude, but dare not return to the words of the King. Are you a stone man, then the sword falls, and when there is a bang, a flash of fire flashes, Liu Xiuxia dismounted and watched, but on the ground there was a stone man who was cut and cut into two pieces. On the belly of the stone man, there was a book: Go forward fifteen miles to see Baixiang. Liu Xiu could not help thinking: " Now Shiren is showing his way. "Liu Xiu sighed: She returned to Baixiang to avoid trouble, and was difficult to find a way in the dense fog at night; she asked the people who met her, uttering words like a idiot, angry and sword chopped, originally Shi Wengling It should show.
Later generations felt the stone guides, and then set up the "Ling Ying Stele" on the side; Emperor Qianlong's southward journey left it, leaving the "King Guangwu Emperor's Stone-cut Man" inscription to remember it.
2. Qianqiuting Monument:
According to "Hou Han Shu. "Guangwu Emperor's Diary" contains: Guangwu then ordered a mandala to be set in Wunan Qianqiu Pavilion, Wucheng Mo. At the end of June, that is, the emperor's throne, obituary to the heavens, sacrificed to the Six Sects, and looked to the gods.
In June of three years, Liu Xiu wiped out Wang Lang, took Handan, and regained Hebei. He got two thirds of the world, and the conditions for becoming emperor were becoming mature. However, he repeatedly pleaded to be the emperor, but repeatedly refused. It was because Liu Xiu did not want to return to the Han Dynasty as an emperor at an early date, and decided the world. Because of doubts, he lacked the omen of "monarch power" and could not obey the hearts of the people.
The army marched to Gucheng City (now Gucheng Store, Baixiang County), but the old classmate Guan Zhong Confucian and Confucianist Qianghua sought to see him, and Liu Xiuying was credited. Qianghua met Liu Xiu and presented "Red Fufu", saying: "Yu Xiufa can't catch the soldiers, and Jin Xiude is the emperor." ‘It ’s the Heavenly Revealed Han Dynasty ’s ZTE, Liu ’s standing, the king should follow the orders of the heavens, call the emperor ascended to the throne, and do n’t violate it. "Liu Xiu saw the water come to an end, and no longer shirk, he approved the public opinion. He ordered the division to set up an altar in the south, and choose another day to receive the dynasty. There is a division to the southern suburbs of the city. Wucheng Moman built a mandala with a height of about a few feet. He also chose the end of June as the golden day, and asked Liu Xiu to be the emperor. It is a sunny day, the sun is rising, the sun is rising, and Liu Xiu is wearing a crown And dragon robes, embraced by the generals to the southern suburbs, obituary to the sky, worship six sects, and worship the gods. Changed the Yuan to build martial arts, and awarded the amnesty. In history, due to Liu Xiu's ascension to the Han Dynasty, Zhongxing was named Liu Xiu as Emperor Guangwu.
Zhang Diyuan and the three years, in honor of Liu Xiu's emperor in Taonan, built Guangwu Temple at the Qianqiuting altar.
Today, the Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong's reign in Zheng Town, Zhixian County, the "Han Guangwu Emperor Qian Qiuting Ruins" remains.
Baixiang Sanjie Monument:
Zhao Mengfu was an outstanding painter and painter of the Yuan Dynasty in China. He is an outstanding and far-reaching person in the history of ancient art. He has a natural approach and is eclectic.篆, Li, Xing, Kai can move freely. Especially Xing and Kai, the Northern Song Dynasty rice, Huang, Cai, Su four, and straight into the Jin and Tang dynasties. He admired the second king and waved away. And can be tight, chic and generous. Lower case is ten thousand words, with the same end to end, Yaruo star. The capitalized willow body in capitals, beautiful and dignified, has changed the situation of "book etiquette" leading the two Songs. Its beautiful and strong rhyme almost controls the generation of books. Respected by future generations as "Zhao Ti".
Existing inscriptions on Zhao's Shu Dan in Baixiang are works by Zhao Mengfu between 61 and 64 years old. First, "Jiamu Zhenjie's Inscription", second, "Zhenjietangji" monument, and third, "Boxiang Yin Zhangjun's monument to politics". The first two products are the works of Yanyou in March of the second year. Both are block letters, with a free and easy gesture, a stable structure, a dignified shape, a graceful charm, a hibiscus, and a graceful appearance. The view is pleasing to the eye and shows the profound artistic accomplishments. The monument is 360 cm high, 100 cm wide, and 40 cm thick. It is a tortoise cape, a bow head, and a monument inscribed on the inscription "Zhao Muzhen's Tablet". This monument was severely damaged during the "Cultural Revolution" and is now listed as a provincial key cultural relics protection unit.
The "Zhang Jundezheng" monument has unique skills in Kaizhong. The pen is round, simple in style, and soft in style. The head of this monument was smashed, and Zhao's forehead was "Baixiang Yin Zhangjun's monument to the government", and the lower part was lost. The monument is 240 cm high, 100 cm wide and 40 cm thick.
How can small counties in Baixiang District win Zhao's masterpiece? Knowing the inscription, it is known that during Yanyou's years, Jia Tingrui, the head of Yangzhou Road, lost his father at an early age, his mother Hua's young widow, brought his family to live and frugally, and raised his name. It is called "Jia Mother Chastity Tablet", and it stands in front of the tomb. "The Monument of Zhang Junde's Political Affairs" was written by Yuan Mingshan. It is published in the ancient city of Gu in order to praise the achievements of Zhang Ji of Bai County Zhixian County.
Jia Tingrui (Yuan): People in Baixiang drive shop. His father, Jia Rang, once taught Confucianism and taught in the countryside. He died early. His mother, Shou's Shoujie, did not marry, and Jia Ran's beloved professor, Tingrui, grew up to work for the prime minister, Shunde Wang, and everyone did it. Later, he moved to the Ministry of Officials to become an official, and then entered Tonghui Huiyuan and Shangshu Province. He abandoned the official due to the court's resistance to the court attendant, and returned to his hometown to filially adopt his mother. After being re-used by the imperial court, the official paid tribute to Yangzhou Road director.
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